Implementing Visual Hierarchy in Mobile App Design

Mobile app design is all about creating a user interface that is easy to use, attractive and functional. In this article, we will discuss how to implement the principle of visual hierarchy to help guide users through your app and improve their overall experience.

What is Visual Hierarchy?

Visual hierarchy is the arrangement of visual elements in a way that suggests their importance and guides the user's eye throughout the interface. By establishing a clear hierarchy, we can make it easier for users to navigate through an app and avoid confusion or frustration.

Why is Visual Hierarchy Important in Mobile App Design?

Mobile devices typically have limited screen real estate, and this can make it challenging to convey information and functionality effectively. By using visual hierarchy, we can prioritize the most important elements and make sure that they are noticeable even on small screens.

How to Implement Visual Hierarchy in Mobile App Design

Now that we understand the importance of visual hierarchy in mobile app design, let's discuss some of the ways that we can implement it.
  • Size and Position

    The size and position of elements on a screen can be used to convey their importance. Larger elements are typically perceived as more important, while elements that are centered or located at the top of the screen are more noticeable. Use these factors to create a clear visual hierarchy.
  • Color and Contrast

    Color and contrast can also be used to create a visual hierarchy. High-contrast elements stand out, while low-contrast elements blend into the background. Choose colors and contrast levels that help emphasize the most important elements.
  • Typography

    Typography can be used to establish a clear hierarchy of information. For example, headings can be used to indicate important sections of an app, while smaller fonts can be used for less important text. Make sure to use a consistent hierarchy throughout the app.
  • Whitespace

    Whitespace can be used to create a sense of visual separation between elements. By adding space between elements, we can help users distinguish between different sections of an app and make it easier for them to navigate.
  • Visual Cues

    Visual cues such as arrows, icons or animations can also be used to establish a visual hierarchy. For example, a button that animates when it is tapped can indicate that it is interactive and important.

Best Practices for Visual Hierarchy in Mobile App Design

While there are many ways to implement visual hierarchy in mobile app design, there are some best practices that designers should follow to ensure that the hierarchy is effective.
  • Keep it Simple

    A clear and simple visual hierarchy is easier for users to understand and navigate. Avoid cluttering the interface with too many visual elements.
  • Use Consistent Visual Language

    Consistent use of size, color, typography and other visual elements help create a consistent visual language throughout an app. This helps to establish user expectations and makes the app easier to use.
  • Test and Iterate

    Testing and iterating on the visual hierarchy is important to ensure that it is effective. Conduct user testing to gather feedback and make adjustments as necessary.
  • Consider Accessibility

    We should also keep in mind accessibility when implementing visual hierarchy. For example, users with color blindness may have difficulty distinguishing between elements that rely on color for differentiation. Consider using other visual cues such as size or shape to help differentiate between elements.


Visual hierarchy is a powerful tool for creating effective mobile app design. By prioritizing important elements, we can guide users through an interface and make it easier for them to use. By following best practices and testing our design, we can create a clear and effective visual hierarchy that will improve the user experience of our mobile apps.