Common Wireframing Techniques


Wireframing is an essential part of web design. It is the process of creating a rough sketch of what the website's layout will look like before designing it with graphics or content. Wireframing is important because it helps designers organize their thoughts and visualize the website's layout. This article will explore common wireframing techniques that designers use to create effective website layouts.

1. Sketching

Sketching is a popular wireframing technique because it is quick and practical. Sketching allows designers to generate ideas and quickly visualize layout concepts. It is a low-fidelity approach, meaning it is not a detailed representation of the final product. Sketching allows designers to play around with various layouts, and it can be done with pencil and paper or digitally using a tablet or computer program.

Advantages of Sketching

  • Quick and easy
  • Low-cost method
  • Reduces the risk of getting attached to one idea

Disadvantages of Sketching

  • Not detailed enough for some clients or team members
  • Limited ability to add details until further design stages
  • Not always scalable or editable

2. Using Wireframing Software

There are many wireframing software options available, from simple to complex. Wireframing software allows designers to create detailed, high-fidelity wireframes that can be easily edited and revisited. Many of these programs have drag-and-drop functionality that makes it easy to test and adjust different layout options.

Popular Wireframing Software

  • Sketch
  • Adobe XD
  • Figma
  • InVision Studio
  • Axure

Advantages of Wireframing Software

  • High level of detail and accuracy
  • Easy to edit and make changes
  • Reusability and scalability
  • Collaboration features for team members and clients

Disadvantages of Wireframing Software

  • Requires time and skill to learn and use
  • Expensive
  • Can get too detailed and lose sight of important elements
  • Can be limiting in terms of creativity and originality

3. Breadth-First Wireframing

Breadth-first wireframing is a technique that focuses on creating a broad overview of the website layout before delving into details. This technique involves creating a basic wireframe with only the most critical and important elements. Once the broad layout has been established, the designer can add more detail and complexity.

Advantages of Breadth-First Wireframing

  • Focuses on the most important elements first
  • Eliminates unnecessary work
  • Enables designers to get feedback early on

Disadvantages of Breadth-First Wireframing

  • Risks of losing sight of the bigger picture
  • Can be less effective at identifying design flaws
  • Requires the designer to have a clear vision and direction

4. Depth-First Wireframing

Depth-first wireframing is the opposite of breadth-first wireframing. This technique focuses on detailing specific elements of the design before moving onto a broader layout. Depth-first wireframing is useful when a high level of detail is essential for the website's success, such as with a product page.

Advantages of Depth-First Wireframing

  • Ensures accuracy and completeness of detail
  • Makes it easier to spot potential issues
  • Helps ensure a consistent look and feel throughout the design

Disadvantages of Depth-First Wireframing

  • Can be time-consuming
  • Risks getting bogged down in small details
  • Can make it difficult to get feedback on the overall design


Wireframing is a crucial part of web design, and there are several techniques that designers can use to create effective website layouts. Sketching is quick and low-cost, wireframing software allows for precise and detailed designs, breadth-first wireframing focuses on essential elements first, while depth-first wireframing emphasizes details. Ultimately, the wireframing technique depends on the designer's goals and the specific needs of the website.